Thursday, January 27, 2011

Definitions

LDAP - This stands for Lightweight Directory Access Protocol. A language based on the X.500 directory standard that allows clients and servers to communicate. The LDAP provider allows access to the hierarchical structure of Active directory. However, the Windows NT user account database is not LDAP compliant.

Directory Service - Repository of network operating system information to manage users and resources in a network.

Active Directory - Microsoft's directory service database for Windows 2000, 2003, and 2008 networks. Stores information about resources on the network and provides a means of centrally organizing, managing, and controlling access to the resources.

WMI
- Acronym for Windows Management Instrumentation. WMI is a new management technology allowing scripts to monitor and control managed resources throughout the network. Resources include hard drives, file systems, operating system settings, processes, services, shares, registry settings, networking components, event logs, users, and groups. WMI is built into clients with Windows 2000 or above, and can be installed on any other 32-bit Windows client.

Servers Roles:
    Domain Controllers, which contain matching copies of the user accounts and other Active Directory data in a given domain. A computer with a server OS and AD installed is a Domain Controller.
    Member Servers, which belong to a domain but do not contain a copy of the Active Directory data. Any computer with a server OS (or functioning as a server, for example with SQL Server installed) can be called a member server (if it is joined to the domain). A member server does not have AD installed. If a computer has DNS or DHCP, but not AD, it would be a member server.
    (Stand-alone Server, a server that belongs to a workgroup, but not a domain.)

VBScript - Visual Basic Script Edition, a subset of the Visual Basic language. Programs written in VBScript are saved in files with the .VBS extension. VBScript programs can be run with either of the two host programs, cscript.exe or wscript.exe.

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